According to IDEA, Special Education transportation includes:
Transportation as a related service provides eligible students with disabilities access to their academic programs and certain other related services. Some students with disabilities may require a variety of supports and services that are separate from transportation available to all students, such as:
- Travel to and from school and between schools
- Travel in and around school buildings
- Specialized equipment (such as special or adapted buses, lifts, and ramps), if required to provide special transportation for student with a disability
The Texas Education Code Sections 29.001–29.005 and 42.155(b)(2) and (g) indicates that eligible special needs students are those students with a disability who require specialized transportation services to access their academic programs and certain other related services. (Specialized transportation is transportation that is provided separate from transportation for regular education students.).An "eligible special needs student" is a special education student: (a) who is eligible under the TEC, Section 29.003, and Federal Public Law 101-476 (Part B) and 102-119 (Part H) of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1990 and subsequent amendments, (b) who would be unable to attend school and benefit from his or her special education program of instruction (including extended school year programs and community-based transitional life skills training) or developmental, corrective, and other supplementary supportive services without the provision of special transportation as a necessary related service, as determined on an individual (case-by-case) basis, or (c) for whom the requirement for special transportation is properly documented by a duly authorized ARD/IEP Committee in the student’s individualized education program (IEP) as a required related service to be provided by the District. An "eligible other health-impaired student" is a regular or special education student: (a) who is eligible under Section 504 of the Federal Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and subsequent amendments, (b) who would be unable to attend school and benefit from his or her academic program of instruction without the provision of special transportation as a necessary related service, as determined on an individual (case-by-case) basis, or (c) for whom the requirement for special transportation is properly documented by the ARD/IEP Committee in the student’s IEP as a required related service to be provided by the District.
- specialized or adaptive equipment for persons who require specialized positioning or seating,
- a skilled nurse to conduct invasive procedures,
- bus attendant to help ensure safety,
- air conditioned vehicles for persons who are sensitive to heat or prone to seizures, or
- wheelchair or other mobility device accessibility.
What We Do
When a student is suspected of needing specialized support such as a nurse on the bus, transportation attendant, adaptive equipment, child safety seat, or wheelchair ramp, the ARD/IEP Committee reviews the documentation supporting the need.Before the ARD/IEP Committee convenes, persons knowledgeable in the area of the suspected need must be included in the discussions. For example, if the campus is aware the student has a tracheotomy, the campus nurse should be invited to the ARD/IEP Committee meeting.The ARD/IEP Committee should resolve the following transportation issues:
- Can the student be safely transported without undue risk to the student or others?
- Will the length of the trip and/or other aspects of transportation put the student at unreasonable risk?
- Can the student’s adaptive equipment be accommodated?
- What is an appropriate restraint system?
- Can the student be transferred to a bus seat from the mobility device?
- Are there specialized care or intervention concerns?
- What level of supervision and expertise might be required?
- How will any auxiliary equipment be transported?
- During the student’s annual (minimum requirement) IEP review, the student’s transportation needs should be re-evaluated using the same criteria used for entrance into transportation services.
The determination of whether or not a student qualifies for transportation services as a related service is made by the ARD/IEP Committee.Note: The campus Diagnostician/ARD Facilitator is responsible for notifying the Transportation department through email when services are required or changed.The ARD/IEP Committee will consider transportation as a related service based on the following:
- nature of the student’s disability is such that special education transportation is required
- Transportation as a related service will be provided as a direct service by the bus driver or other transporter.
- A parent may choose to transport their child and not accept transportation services.
- Transportation as a related service is provided as a collaboration between the ARD/IEP Committee and the transportation department for eligible students with disabilities.
- The services are provided according to the provisions in the IEP and are reviewed annually to determine continued need.
- Transportation safety issues are considered as part of the overall care and education of the student, and appropriate training is provided (ie CPR and Non-violent Crisis Intervention).
- Transportation services may include appropriate use of safety harnesses and seating devices that can be safely used on a school bus.
- Transportation attendants are provided as needed to assist in the safe transport of students with disabilities to and from school.
- The ARD/IEP Committee, Transportation Department, or Special Education Department may determine the needs for specific transportation attendant services.
- The assignment of transportation attendants to school buses is made by the Transportation Department and the Special Education Department. Specialized transportation may also include the additional support of service providers such as bus nurses and additional transportation attendants.
- Transportation supports and/or services are provided to students based on individual needs.
- For a student who attends a nonpublic school (i.e. contract placement, residential facility) transportation is provided by the school district if it is necessary for the student to benefit from or participate in special education services.
Students who receive special education services who do not require specialized transportation to participate in their education programs are considered students eligible for regular transportation services and must meet the same requirements set by the district to receive transportation.
- Related Services Eligibility Form is found in Esped